The removal of bacteria from the root of a tooth so that further infection can be prevented, while also saving the natural tooth is known as root canal therapy. The primary purpose of the procedure is to remove the infected pulp carefully, clean and disinfect. The root canal is then sealed so that it can not be affected again.
Advantages of Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment offers quite a few benefits:
- Restoring the natural function such as chewing and biting of the tooth
- Returning of normal teeth sensations
- Retaining the natural appearance of the tooth
- Protecting other teeth from excessive strain and wear
When Do You Need A Root Canal Treatment?
Your dentist is the right person to suggest whether you need a root canal or not. But generally, there are a few symptoms that can direct you towards getting a root canal treatment. They are:
- Severe pain when you chew or bite
- Pimples on your gums
- Cracked or a chipped tooth
- Your tooth has a lingering sensitivity like cold or hot despite the sensation getting removed
- Bleeding, tender and swollen gums
- Darkened or decayed gums
The dentist will have an initial consultation with you. During this consultation, the dentist will check your tooth and take an x-ray to understand the severity of the damage. After the decision for root canal treatment is made, the dentist will explain to you the procedure and the cost.
The treatment can take place that day, or if you are suffering from immense pain, the dentist will check for abscess and give you medication. The abscess needs to heal before the root canal treatment can be started.
The root canal treatment procedure involves the following steps:
Step 1: The dentist will administer local anaesthesia near the site of treatment to numb the tooth and the gum. During the injection of the anaesthesia, you will experience a bit of pinch. In case you have anxiety about the procedure, we can give you sedative as part of our painless dentistry.
Step 2: Once the tooth is numb, a dental dam, which is a small rubber sheet, is placed near the tooth that is to be treated, so that it is isolated from the rest of the mouth. This enables the tooth to stay dry and clean while the procedure is being performed.
Step 3: Using a small drill, the dentist drills a hole on top of the tooth to gain access inside. After accessing the pulp, the diseased and damaged ones are removed using a small file from inside the tooth. A dentist will also reshape the inner chamber of the tooth and the root. If required, the chamber is washed multiple times by irrigating it with water, so the remaining pulp is washed away. At times to kill any remaining bacteria, the dentist can put an antimicrobial solution into the chamber. This reduces the future risk of getting bacterial infection again.
Step 4: The dentist will fill the space after cleaning and drying it thoroughly. The gap of the tooth is closed with a temporary filling, and your dentist will order a permanent crown.
Step 5: It can take a few weeks for you to get your permanent crown. During this time, your root canal treatment should have healed. Before placing the permanent crown, your tooth is reshaped, and then the crown is cemented. The placing of the permanent crown is part of the restorative dentistry in the root canal.
It is vital that after the root canal treatment you take care of your oral hygiene and maintain excellent standards, that is visiting your dentist regularly, brushing and flossing your teeth as recommended by your dentist.
In case you are having any issues with your tooth, contact us now as we can offer you the best solution without getting rid of your original tooth.